Eye Concepts Optometrist
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Age-related macular degeneration


The macula is a very small part of the retina, which is the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye. The macula is responsible for the detailed sharp vision that is used for reading, driving and seeing fine detail. Age-related macular degeneration (AMD) generally occurs as a result of changes in the macula due to ageing, which cause your central vision to blur.


There are two types of AMD: dry and wet. The dry form is more common and less severe. It causes a gradual deterioration in in your central vision over time. Dry AMD accounts for 90% of all AMD but can change into the wet type over time. The wet form is less common and occurs when a blood vessel underneath the macula leaks and symptoms can progress rapidly. This type needs urgent treatment.


AMD causes no pain or discomfort and commonly progresses slowly. In its early stages, AMD may be detected in an eye examination before symptoms occur. The first symptom is typically difficulty seeing fine detail in the centre of your vision and over time, this central area may increase in size. In some cases, AMD may cause lines to appear distorted or wavy.


The major risk for developing AMD is age, with one in seven people over 50 affected. Smoking is the major controllable risk factor with smokers having twice the risk of developing AMD. You should have an eye examination which checks for the signs and symptoms of AMD if you:

  • Are older than 50 years of age
  • Are a smoker
  • Have hypertension or cardiovascular disease
  • Have a family history of AMD
  • Have a lifestyle or occupation where you have increased UV exposure

Contact us for an AMD assessment with our optometrists today.


Content from goodvisionforlife.com.au